What is Geomatics?
The discipline of gathering, storing, processing, and delivering geographic information, or spatially referenced information.
SURVEYOR’S REAL PROPERTY REPORT
WHAT IS A SURVEYOR’S REAL PROPERTY REPORT (SRPR)?
A Surveyor’s Real Property Report is an accurate representation of a parcel of land.
The SRPR is a legal document showing the exact location of all structures on a specific property relative to the boundaries of that property.
The SRPR typically includes an illustration called a “plan”, showing the structures on a given property and boundaries of that property, as well as a written report containing any opinion or concerns that the surveyor may have with regard to the property.
A SRPR includes setting survey monuments at the front property corners, if possible.
In a Real Estate transaction, the SRPR can be relied upon as both a legal and accurate representation of a property for all parties concerned, at the date of the survey.
HOW MUCH DOES A SURVEYOR’S REAL PROPERTY REPORT (SRPR) COST?
There are many factors that will affect the cost of a SRPR, among them are: lot size and shape, number and size of structures, natural features (such as tress, large hills or swamps),and the age of the property.
It is important to bear in mind that the cost of a SRPR is small in comparison to a total property investment and that it is an investment in itself that could save expensive and complicated problems in the future.
WHY DO I NEED A SURVEYOR’S REAL PROPERTY REPORT (SRPR)?
Different people require a Surveyor’s Real Property Report for different reasons when a property is being sold.
– PROPERTY PURCHASER
For the purchaser, the SRPR provides valuable information about one of the largest investments a person will ever make. It identifies possible conflicts with adjoining property owners, and gives clarity about location of the boundaries of a property.
If you are a property purchaser, it is necessary to ensure that the property being purchased is the same as the property listed on the purchase and sale agreement, that the boundaries are accurately described, that pertinent structures are within the property boundaries and that other people are not entitled to use of the property through easements or right-of-ways; A SRPR will show all of these things.
The SRPR will also show that the property meets all municipal requirements. As set out in bylaws.
All of these things together serve to protect the interests of a property purchaser and to ensure that if a mortgage is necessary, it will proceed without delay.
– PROPERTY VENDOR
For the property vendor, a SRPR provides appeal to the purchaser by clearly and legally defining the property, thus avoiding any confusion or misunderstandings with regard to what is contained on the property and who has legal access to it.
The SRPR also provides protection for the vendor from legal ramifications resulting from problems related to the property they have sold.
For the Realtor, a Surveyor’s Real Property Report provides a graphic illustration of the property for sale which helps avoid delays in the sale of the property. It also provides protection from lawsuits resulting from misrepresentation of a property in a purchase and sale agreement.
WHAT WILL A SURVEYOR’S REAL PROPERTY REPORT (SRPR) SHOW?
On the “plan”, or illustration of the property, the SRPR will show the following:
- The legal description of the property
- The civil address of the property
- The measurements and location of the property boundaries
- The location of all structures on the property relative to the boundaries of the property.
- The location of adjacent properties, roads etc.
- Any right-of-ways, roadways, or neighbour’s rights-of-access.
- The location of the property corners.
- Indication of the name of the individual or company for whom the plan was prepared.
- A Seal of Certification by the Ontario Land Surveyor as well as the original signature of the Ontario Land Surveyor responsible for the plan.
- The Association of Ontario Land Surveyors Plan Submission Form sticker.
WHAT DOES A SURVEYOR’S REAL PROPERTY REPORT (SRPR) ENTAIL?
The Ontario Land Surveyor does a search of the title of the property to be surveyed as well as the adjacent properties and a search of any encumbrances registered against the title of the subject property. The Ontario Land Surveyor also does a search of other surveyor’s offices and government agencies to obtain plans and documents that relate to the boundaries of the subject property.
Following this collection of information, a field survey utilizing specialized instruments and a crew of technicians is done to determine the actual dimensions of the property and location of any structures on the property as well as to determine the exact corners of the property.
Once the research and field survey are completed, an analysis is made of the gathered information and a plan is calculated and drafted showing the gathered information. A written report is prepared giving the Surveyor’s opinion about any areas of concern with regard to the subject property.
Finally, the SRPR is delivered to the client.
WHO CAN PREPARE A SRPR?
In Ontario, only a licensed member of the Association of Ontario Land Surveyors can prepare a SRPR.
In order to be eligible for membership with the Association of Ontario Land Surveyors, surveyors must have completed a university degree, a minimum eighteen month period of articles and a series of professional exams.
WHAT IS A REFERENCE PLAN (R-PLAN)?
A Reference Plan (R-Plan) is an illustration or “plan” showing the legal boundaries, existing easements (registered and non-registered), fences, hedges, and any other signigicant features near the property limits.
Typically, R-Plans are prepared to be graphic descriptions for existing, remaining or new parcels of land.
R-Plans are deposited in the local Land Registry Office which allows copies of the plan to be available to the public.
HOW MUCH DOES A REFERENCE PLAN (R-PLAN) COST?
Depending on the complexity of the plan, the time required for research, field work, calculation, checking and reporting, the cost will vary.
Disbursement costs are typically higher on a R-Plan than they are on a Surveyor’s Real Property Report due to the required monumentation set (surveyor’s iron bars) on the property limits, research fees, Registry Office deposit fees, and printing costs.
WHO NEEDS A REFERENCE PLAN (R-Plan)?
When a new lot is being created or severed, or if the existing description does not clearly define the extent of the subject property, a new R-Plan may be in order.
According to Provincial law, it is typical that the vendor of the property is required to have an acceptable, registrable description of their property before the land is transferred.
HOW DOES A SURVEYOR’S REAL PROPERTY REPORT (SRPR) DIFFER FROM A REFERENCE PLAN (R-Plan)?
R-Plans are used to graphically define a land parcel, where a SRPR illustrates improvements to the land parcel, typically showing dwellings, garages, out buildings, swimming pools, easements (both registered and non-registered), fences, hedges etc..
SRPR are typically required by purchaser’s lawyers to confirm that the existing structures on the subject property conform to existing bylaws.
The Land Registry Office typically requires a R-Plan to graphically describe the land parcel(s) for new, remaining or poorly described existing properties.